1940 the Second World War at Sea in Photographs
January 1940 saw the escalation of the sea war between Britain and Germany. U-boats would claim numerous casualties, including HMS Exmouth and all 135 of her crew on 21 January 1940. In February, Hitler orders unrestricted submarine warfare, while HMS Cossack rescues crews of British ships sunk by the Graf Spee from the supply ship Altmark. An air raid on the naval base at Scapa Flow sees the first British civilian casualties of the war in March. Two invasions of Norway begin in April, with the Germans ultimate victors. HMS Glorious is sunk during the evacuation of British troops and aircraft. May sees Dunkirk, the British rescue of some 334,000 troops, and the Lancastria is sunk with the loss of over 6,000 in June. July sees an attack on the French fleet by the British, in an effort to deny the battleships to the Germans. The Americans agree to supply Britain with aged destroyers in exchange for bases and the invasion of Britain, Operation Sealion, is set for September. November sees HMS Jervis Bay sunk while escorting a convoy, many of which managed to escape. The year ends with a continued assault on British ships by U-boats.
Phil Carradice has written numerous books, including The Great War: An Illustrated History and Nautical Training Ships. He broadcasts frequently on BBC Radio Wales and lives in the Vale of Glamorgan.